Teacher; college founder; advocate and spokesman for racial advancement. Born– 1859 near Hale’s Ford, Franklin County, Va. Married– Fannie N. Smith in 1882. Children– One. Married– Olivia A. Davidson in 1889. Children– Two. Married– Margaret James Murray, October 12, 1893. Education– Hampton Institute, 1875. Taught in West Virginia, then at Wayland Seminary, Washington, D.C.; and at Hampton Institute. Head, Tuskegee Institute, 1884-1915. Awarded Honorary A.M., Harvard University, 1896; LL.D., Dartmouth, 1901. Died November 14, 1915.


Who Was Who in America, Vol. 1, National Cyclopedia of American Biography online


Black Belt Diamonds; Gems from the Speeches… New York; Fortune & Scott, 1969.

Character Building, Being Addresses Delivered on Sunday Evenings to the Students of Tuskegee Institute. New York; Haskel House, 1902.

Education of the Negro. Albany, N.Y.; J. B. Lyons Co., 1904.

Frederick Douglass. Philadelphia; G. W. Jacobs & Co., 1907.

The Future of the American Negro. Boston; Small, Maynard & Co., 1899.

The Man Farthest Down. Garden City, N.Y.; Doubleday, 1912.

My Larger Education. Garden City, N.Y.; Doubleday, 1911.

The Negro in Business. Boston; Hertel, Jenkins & Co., s.d.

The Negro in the South; His Economic Progress in Relation to His Moral and Religious Development. Philadelphia; G. W. Jacobs & Co., 1907.

A New Negro for a New Century; …. Chicago; American Pub. House, 1909.

Putting the Most into Life. New York; Crowell, 1906.

Selected Speeches…. Garden City, N.Y.; Doubleday, 1932.

Sowing and Reaping. Boston; L.D. Page & Co., 1900.

The Story of My Life. Napierville, Ill.; J. L. Nichols & Co., 1900.

The Story of Slavery. Chicago; Hall and McCreary, 1913.

The Story of the Negro; Rise of the Race from Slavery. Garden City, N.Y.; Doubleday, 1909.

Up from Slavery; an Autobiography. Garden City, N.Y.; Doubleday, 1901.

Working with the Hands; …. Garden City, N.Y.; Doubleday, 1904.