Herpetologist, ecologist, college professor.  Born– June 16, 1909, Mobile. Parents–Archibald and Louise Deadrick  Carr. Married–Marjorie Harris, 1937.  Children–five. Education– University of Florida, B.S., 1933, M.S., 1934, Ph.D., 1937. Associate of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 1937-43. Taught biology at the University of Florida after 1933. Principal investigator, National Science Foundation marine turtle migration project, 1955-87.  Founder of the Caribbean Conservation Corporation, 1959 and the Sea Turtle Conservancy.  The foremost authority of his time on the sea turtle;  credited with helping save the species from extinction.  Wrote numerous articles in scientific journal and participated in numerous scientific expeditions. Member American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; American Society of Naturalists; Smithsonian Associates; Florida Academy of Science. Awarded the Daniel Giraud Elliott Medal by the National Academy of Science, 1955; John Burroughs Medal for Nature Writing, 1956; O. Henry Award for best American short stories, 1956; Gold Medal from the World Wildlife Fund, 1973; and Edward W. Browning Award, 1975.  The Archie Carr National Wildlife Refuge in Melbourne, Florida, and the Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle Research at the University of Florida are named in his honor. Died May 21, 1987.


American Men and Women of Science, 1979.

contemporary authors online

Davis, Frederick Rowe.  The Man Who Saved Sea Turtles; Archie Carr and the Origins of Conservation Biology.  Oxford University Press, 2007.

Sea Turtle Conservancy website.



Africa. Westport, Conn.; H. S. Stuttman, 1980.

A Contribution to the Herpetology of Florida. Gainesville, Fla; University of Florida, 1940.

The Everglades. Chicago; Time-Life Books, 1973.

The Green Turtle in the Caribbean Sea. New York; American Museum of Natural History, 1978.

Guideposts of Animal Navigation. Boston; Heath, 1962.

Handbook of Turtles; the Turtles of the United States, Canada, and Baja, California. Ithaca, New York; Comstock, 1952.

High Jungles and Low. Gainesville, Fla.; University of Florida Press, 1953.

The Land and Wildlife of Africa. Chicago; Time, 1964.

A Naturalist in Florida: A Celebration of Eden.  Yale University Press, 1994.

Outline for a Classification of Animal Habitats in Honduras. New York; American Museum of Natural History, 1950.

The Reptiles. Chicago; Time, 1963.

So Excellent a Fishe. Garden City, N.Y.; Natural History Press, 1967.

The Turtle, A Natural History of the Turtle. London; Cassell, 1968.

Ulendo. New York; Knopf, 1964.

The Windward Road. New York; Knopf, 1956.


The Ecology and Migration of Sea Turtles; the West Caribbean Green Turtle Colony. New York; American Museum of Natural History, 1978.

The Green Turtle in the Gulf of Aden and the Seychelles Islands.  Amsterdam:  North Holland Publishing, 1970.

Guide to the Reptiles, Amphibians, and Freshwater Fishes of Florida.  University of Florida Press, 1955.

Questions and Answers on Sea Turtle Conservation. Tallahassee, Fla.; The Caribbean Conservation Corporation, 1975.

Surveys of Sea Turtle Populations and Habitats in the Western Atlantic. Panama City, Fla.; U.S. Dept. of Commerce, 1982.

Turtle Farming Project in Northern Austalia. Canberra; Australian Government Publishing Service, 1973.


A large collection of the papers of Archie Fairly Carr is held by the Special and Area Collections Department of the Smathers Library System at the University of Florida.