Attorney; U.S.Senator; Associate Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court.  Born–Harlan, Clay County, Alabama, February 27, 1886. Parents–William Lafayette and Martha Toland Black.  Married–Josephine Foster, 1921.  Children–three.  Married–Elizabeth Demeritte, 1957.  Education– attended Birmingham Medical School for one year; attended the University of Alabama Law School, LL. B., 1906. Practiced law in Ashland, 1906-07;  in Birmingham, 1907-1914; elected solicitor (prosecuting attorney) in Birmingham 1914; served until 1917.  Served in the U.S. Army, 1917-1918; attained the rank of captain.  Returned to law practice in 1918; elected to the U.S. Senate in 1926, re-elected in 1937.  A strong supporter of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal.  Appointed to the U.S.Supreme Court in 1936  by Roosevelt; served until his resignation in 1971.  At the time of his retirement, second longest serving Justice. Regarded as one of the most important Justices.  Member Civitan Club and Knights of Pythias. Widely honored; pictured on one of the Great Americans Series of Postage stamps issued by the U.S.Postal Service.  The Hugo L. Black United State Courthouse in Birmingham is named in his honor. The University of Alabama in Birmingham established the Hugo L. Black Symposium in American History. Died September 25,1971.


Wikipedia; Mr. Justice and Mrs. Black.


A Constitutional Faith.  New York:  Knopf, 1968.


Mr. Justice and Mrs. Black:  The Memoirs of Hugo L.Black and Elizabeth Black. New York: Random House, 1986.


A collection of the papers of Justice Black is held by the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress.  A collection of his papers is held by the Bounds Law Library at the University of Alabama.