Historian; author; college professor. Born August 25, 1949,  in Anniston, Ala. Parents– Wallace G., Jr., and Virginia Parks Woodruff. Education– Jacksonville State University, B.A., 1971; University of Arkansas, M.A., 1973; University of Tennessee, Ph.D., 1977.  Assistant editor, Booker T. Washington Papers project, 1977-1978.  Assistant professor of history,  College of Charleston, 1979-1988; Pennyslvania State University, 1988-present. Lecturer, film consultant, exhibition curator. Contributor of articles and reviews to many scholarly journals.  Member– Southern and American Historical Associations, Organization of American Historians. Winner of many foundation grants; Awarded McLemore Prize, Mississippi Historical Society, 2004.


Contemporary Authors online.

Directory of American Scholars; Anniston Star, September 15, 1985.


American Congo:  The African American Freedom Struggle in the Delta.  Harvard University Press, 2003.

As Rare as Rain; Federal Relief in the Great Southern Drought of 1930-31. Urbana; University of Illinois Press, 1985.


Arnesen, Eric, ed.  The Black Worker:  Race and Labor Activism since Emancipation.  University of Illinois Press, 2007.

Green, Adam, and Payne, Charles, eds.  Time Longer than Rope:  A Century of African American Activism.  New York University Press, 2003.

Assistant Editor:

Booker T. Washington Papers. Champaign, Ill.; University of Illinois Press, 1980-1981.