WYETH, JOHN ALLEN, 1845-1922


Physician; pioneer medical educator; author. Born– May 26, 1845, in Missionary Station, Marshall, Ala. Parents– Louis Weiss and Euphemia (Allen) Wyeth. Married– Florence Nightingale Sims, April 10, 1886. Children– Three. Married– Marguerite Chalifoux, November 15, 1918. Education– LaGrange Military Academy, Ala., 1861; University of Louisville, M.D., 1869; further studies with James M. Jackson, Guntersville; at Belleview Medical College, New York City; London; Paris; Berlin; Vienna. Joined the Confederate Army as a Private in 1862 at the age of seventeen; in sixteen engagements; prisoner of war  for fifteen months. Visiting and consulting surgeon, New York, 1878-1897; founded New York Polyclinic Medical School and Hospital (first postgraduate medical school in United States), 1881; senior professor of surgery and president, 1893-1922. The Mayo Brothers trained at Polyclinic and modeled their clinic after it.  Member and President, American Medical Association; New York Academy of Medicine; Southern Society of New York. Pioneered several surgical and medical treatment techniques; developed “Wyeth’s Method”–bloodless amputation and shoulder and hip joints. Awarded honorary degrees by the University of Alabama and the University of Maryland. Died March 8, 1922.


National Cyclopedia of American Biography, Vol. 41.


The American Party and the Great Republic. S.l.; s.n., 1915.

Essays in Surgical Anatomy and Surgery. New York; W. Wood, 1879.

General Robert E. Lee; Commemorative Address Before the New York Southern Society on the Anniversary of the Great Commander’s Birth, January 19, 1906. New York; Press of Unz and Co., 1906.

A Handbook of Medical and Surgical Reference. New York; W. Wood & Co., 1873.

History of LaGrange Military Academy and the Cadet Corps, 1857-62, LaGrange College, 1830-57. New York; Brewer Press, 1907.

That Devil Forrest:  The Life of General Nathan Bedford Forrest. New York; Harper & Brothers, 1899. (Several later editions).

Nathaniel J. Wyeth and the Struggle for Oregon. S.l.; s.n., 1892.

Surgery. New York; Marion Sims Wyeth, 1908.

A Textbook on Surgery; General, Operative, and Mechanical. New York; D. Appleton, 1887.

With Sabre and Scalpel; the Autobiography of a Soldier and Surgeon, John Allen Wyeth. New York; Harper & Brothers, 1914.