Historian; College professor. Born– June 6, 1895, in Tuscaloosa, Ala. Education– University of Tennessee, A.B., 1915; Harvard University, A.M., 1917, Ph.D., 1924; Rhodes Scholar to Oxford, 1917; Austin Fellow, Harvard, 1920-1921; studied at the Sorbonne, 1919. Taught at University of Tennessee; Simmons; New York University; Amherst College; Florida State College for Women; Vanderbilt; Western Reserve; Cornell; University of Pennsylvania, 1936-1943, 1945-1965. U.S. Dept. of State, 1943-1945. Visiting professor, Johns Hopkins, National University of Bogota , University of Heidelberg, University of Texas, University of Wisconsin, University of Illinois-Urbana. Consultant, Foreign Policy Research Institute, Philadelphia, 1969. Member– Hispanic Society of America, American Philosophical Society. Died January 1979.


Director of American Scholars; Who’s Who of North American Authors.


Las Am‚ricas y un Mundo en Crisis. Lancaster, Pa.; Lancaster Press, 1946.

Argentina. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.; Prentice-Hall, 1964.

Argentine Upheaval; Peron’s Fall and the New Regime. New York; Praeger, 1956.

Development of American Regionalism; the Organization of American States. New York; Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1951.

The Huancavelica Mercury Mine; a Contribution to the History of the Bourbon Renaissance in the Spanish Empire. Cambridge; Harvard University Press, 1941.

Latin American History Since 1825. Washington, D.C.; Service Center for Teachers of History, 1961.

The Mississippi Questions, 1795-1803; a Study in Trade, Politics and Diplomacy. New York; Appleton-Century, 1934.

Nationalism in Latin America; Past and Present. Gainesville, Fla.; University of Florida Press, 1962.

The New Argentine Collection. Philadelphia; Friends of the University of Pennsylvania Library, 1964.

Spain and the Defense of the West. New York; Harper, 1961.

The Spanish-American Frontier 1783-1795; the Westward Movement and the Spanish Retreat in the Mississippi Valley. Boston; Houghton Mifflin, 1927.

The United States and Argentina. Cambridge; Harvard University Press, 1948.

The United States and South America; the Northern Republics. Cambridge; Harvard University Press, 1948.

The United States and the Independence of Latin America, 1800-1830. Baltimore; Johns Hopkins Press, 1941.

The United States and the Southern Cone; Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Cambridge; Harvard University Press, 1976.

The Western Hemisphere Idea; Its Rise and Decline. Ithaca; Cornell University Press, 1954.


The Ibero-American Enlightenment. Urbana; University of Illinois Press, 1971.


Documents Relating to the Commercial Policy of Spain in the Floridas, with Incidental Reference to Louisiana. DeLand; The Florida State Historical Society, 1931.

Inter-American Affairs; an Annual Survey. New York; Columbia University Press, 1941.

Latin America and the Enlightenment. New York; Appleton-Century, 1942.

Mexico Today. American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1940.