Professor. Born– 1933 in Grand Rapids, Mich. Married– Mary Jean Woodruff. Children– two. Education– University of Michigan, A.B., 1955; A.M., 1956; Ph.D., 1968. Taught at Jackson (Mich.) High School, 1958-1961; Ann Arbor High School, 1961-1963; University of Michigan, 1965-1968; St. Louis University, 1963-1973; University of Alabama in Birmingham 1973-. Published articles in Thoreau Journal Quarterly and South Atlantic Bulletin. Director of the Dan Joselyn Symposium, Tannehill State Park, UAB’s Humanities Forum.
Directory of American Scholars, 1982; Contemporary Literature in Birmingham.
The River and the Road. Birmingham, Ala.; Thunder City Press, 1983.