Visual assessment of images guide

From UA Libraries Digital Services Planning and Documentation
Revision as of 12:24, 21 February 2013 by Jjcolonnaromano (talk | contribs)

The practice of optimizing images is mainly one of observing the materials and the on screen scan, and making a comparison. The goal of the comparison is to retain as much visual information about the materials being scanned as possible. things to look to when making the visual assessment.

  1. are the light areas and the dark areas retaining their details in the on screen scan. (if not there is a problem with brightness)
  2. are there grey tones that act as a"bridge" between light and dark tones. (if not there is a problem with contrast)
  3. are the lightest areas a "flat" white tone or is there some hint of volume, detail, or gradient within that light area. (bringing down the level of contrast, or bringing down the brightness can reveal these details.

Criteria to consider when evaluating images for compliance with Quality Control standards.

Evaluate the digital image!

distinguish between attributes of the digital image and those present in the physical item. For instance the difference between the focus of a digital capture and the "focus" of the physical item Is this an accurate representation of the physical item? This includes any "flaws" the physical item may have.


Exposure - correct

The white point reference values found on a white balance target reads evenly across all three channels (R, G, and B) in the range of 215 - 235. A surrogate white point reference can be used for exposure evaluation if you are sure the material is "white" Dense black areas will read between 10 - 20, the "black" background paper of the document table will read between 30 - 60, with the "B" value slightly higher.

Exposure - even

in Adobe camera raw turning on the highlight and or shadow limit warning while moving the master exposure slider back and forth. if the image is evenly lit and exposed the out of gamut warning mask color will appear in a consistant manner all across the item in the image. if the liting and exposure is uneven you will see a corner or a side of the item get masked out first.


Focus - correct

  • Make this evaluation at 100% viewing resolution

Look for/at...

  • fibers in the paper
  • edges of paper
  • sharpness of text, printed graphic elements
  • scratches

Focus - even

  • At 100% resolution view compare each of the four corners of the material in the image for a consistent focus level


  • 600 dpi
  • 300 dpi (only for 100% typescript items)


Color - correct

  • neutral reference values read evenly across all three channels


Alignment - correct

  • meeting guidelines for best practice defined here
  • right-side-up

Alignment - even

  • all border areas within an image match
  • the border spacing is also reflected in the images for the rest of the item and for collections in general


border areas are kept to a minimum that avoids a "full bleed" crop.



The image below illustrates the key point to take into consideration when assessing proper focus.

Focus 001.gif


Out of gamut and banding problems can occur when the level of contrast has been lowered to much

Gamut 001.gif


The image below illustrates several states an image can be in with the center image being the best.

Tone 001.gif