We had begun digitizing content in December, in order to have material with which to test the work flow, scripts, and display. This gave us a jump on the planned amount of digitization for January. Scripts used, methodology, and work flow were added to the wiki in December and January.
Beginning a bit early enabled Amanda to train one existing Digital Services student, who was available to work the first week of January, while the other did not start until January 11th, and then had to undergo training. The award letter did not arrive until late in January, and the pre-award approval did not go into effect for the first student until the 25th. Therefore, though we used approximately 140 student hours for the project in January, only about 80 were covered by the grant funding.
Amanda, Jeremiah, and Jody met with Jason Battles, Head of Web Services, to sort out issues related to the promotional web display and the usability test. Amanda developed textual content and located a potential image of Cabaniss for the website, and Jody began a section of the Digital Services wiki for Cabaniss information, to be linked into the website.
Amanda selected the Jemison Papers collection as being similar to Cabaniss, for the usability study. Jody analyzed the finding aids for Cabaniss and the Jemison collections and proposed questions for the study.
Jason provided a contact at the IRB and the names of others in the organization who have successfully navigated those waters. Jody contacted these folks for copies of their successful submissions, to use as models for our own. Amanda developed the consent form and preliminary IRB application form. The development of this took longer than we thought. Amanda, Jeremiah, and Jody met to finalize the IRB application on Friday January 29th. We hope the actual submission will be in early February.
- Total files digitized by the end of January, 2010: 6485
- Total files online by the end of January, 2010: 4561
Amanda was out for most of a week this month, so we were challenged for the first time to cover her hours during an absence, but this went pretty smoothly. More critical is that her assignment to this project has heavily impacted the speed with which our other content is getting online, and we've had to alter our workflow and assignments there, incorporating students into the quality control process, which I consider a welcome improvement.
IRB application work has continued to hit new barriers, as we discover more and more forms and hoops to jump through. The latest one is that each person involved in the usability study must pass a 3-hour online certification course on Protecting Human Subjects. We did not plan for this, so that's a good chunk of work hours that we must dedicate to this additional preparation. In addition, one of the students currently working on the Cabaniss project will graduate in May, and thus will not be here when the study takes place. We will train a couple of additional students and use them as necessary when the time comes.
The web page is not yet live, due to Web Services department overload, but Jody developed a press release, and as soon as the website is live, we will send it out to audiences selected by our administration, as well as to appropriate listservs. The preliminary selection includes: Archives and Archivists, Metadata Librarians, LITA, Diglib, and JESSE.
Another anomaly encountered was the discovery that one box of Cabaniss is solely composed of empty envelopes, which had become separated from their letters at some point. We debated the value of digitizing them, but since we agreed to digitize the entire collection, we are forging ahead. Within the box we did discover a couple of letters, which belong elsewhere. We are separating those out and returning them to the archivists for assignment to another box and folder, at which point we will digitize them.
Digitization continues apace. 3801 more images were digitized this month, and 3208 more images went online: the first 14 boxes (out of 77) are done!
- Total files digitized by the end of February, 2010: 10,286
- Total files online by the end of February, 2010: 8502
Early in March, we had some difficulties with the Captureback overhead camera (60 MP digital back with Phase One camera and 80mm lens), which seemed to have taken on a mind of its own (a phone consultation with the company indicates it needs repairs; we cannot afford downtime, so this may have to wait until after the project). This cost us a few hours, and while Amanda and Jeremiah struggled to sort out its issues, Jody analyzed student productivity rates for February, as we did not produce as many images as expected. An analysis of current production rates of all students, not just the ones involved in the grant, revealed that our expectations were a bit high. We had planned on flatbed digitization rates of 17 images per hour, yet for most students, including one of those in the grant, digitization speed was closer to 12 images per hour. Jeremiah and Amanda observed the students' workflow to identify problems and potential need for reeducation or remediation. However, no such issues were noted. It appears that the original rates specified in the grant had been based on experienced students working with the best possible material. The documents under digitization now are more fragile and require more care.
We had a staff meeting to discuss potential solutions and workarounds, and Amanda Presnell as Project Manager made the final selection, as she will be directly responsible for implementation. Students' level of awareness of the speed issue will be raised, and they will be trained to assist in quality control, which will free Amanda to spend more time scanning on the Captureback (on which she produces a consistent 26 images per hour). In addition, the students involved in the grant will be trained on the Captureback as well, so they can fill in there when it is free; also on optimization for the Captureback, again freeing Amanda to scan for more hours. We estimate that substitution of Captureback scanning for flatbed scanning for the slowest student potentially could make up the expected shortfall of images in less than 400 work hours.
We will continue to monitor productivity levels and adapt the workflow as needed to ensure success.
Also this month, we made our first press release File:For Immediate Release.docx to UA Dialog, Tuscaloosa News, and the following listservs: Diglib, Archives & Archivists, Metadata Librarians, Libraries and Information Technology Association (LITA), JESSE, and UALIB.
In addition, Amanda Presnell (Project Manager) proposed a poster session File:Poster Abstract.docx for the Alabama Library Association Annual Conference to be held in April 2010, and was accepted.
We completed the National Institutes of Health (NIH) training on "Protecting Human Research Participants," and made application to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) board for permission to undertake the usability study.
Our website is live! Please see http://www.lib.ua.edu/libraries/hoole/cabaniss for a description of the grant project.
- Total files digitized by the end of March, 2010: 14,944
- Total files online by the end of March, 2010: 12,899
This month, Amanda and Jody responded to two separate requests by the Institutional Review Board for alterations to our proposed usability study application; it looks like approval is drawing near.
After the press release last month, Jody was contacted by Barbara Aikens, Chief of Collections Processing at the Archives of American Art (Smithsonian Institution). Their mass digitization of collections has a similar approach: [Collections Online]. Barbara was kind enough to extend an invitation to tour their shop, and on April 14th, Jody met with Barbara to discuss delivery methodology, work flows and usability studies. Major differences between the Smithsonian's approach and ours include that the series descriptions are separate fields in a database for search support, rather than the finding aid being a single online document, and also that there is no separation between items in their delivery, nor a way to store item-level metadata should some become available in the future. Additionally, our finding aids are searchable alongside our item-level described content (a strength of the Acumen delivery software), whereas the delivery in the Smithsonian interface is separate. Thank you so much, Barbara Aikens!
Additionally, Barbara recommended contacting Jodi Allison-Bunnell, the Program Manager at Northwest Digital Archives, who shared the preliminary report on a fairly broad usability study they did last year. The paper from the study is out for publication review. Despite the rather chilling discovery that neither the item-level described content nor the digitized content available via the finding aid provided sufficient metadata for researchers to "make a decision" -- overall, the researchers seemed to prefer access to the digitized content within the context of the finding aid. We hope to build on the results of this study, and are heartened by the results. Jodi also shared the scripts they used for the study, to help inform our own process. Thank you, Jodi Allison-Bunnell!
Jody posted a query to the EAD listserv announcing the project and asking for information about other usability studies which compare the use of item-level described digital content and digital content made available via the online EAD. Knowledge of others' efforts in this area will help to inform the scope and value of our reports on our own study.
Jeremiah is sorting out how best to juggle students to ensure that we have sufficient student labor over the summer, despite vacations and upcoming graduations.
Amanda uncovered a bug in the linking software, that added items out of order, and Jody repaired it. We are using locally-developed software for this process rather than the bulk linking available with Archivists Toolkit, primarily because we did not want to include links to derivatives within our archival finding aid. The finalized EAD will be uploaded back into Archivists Toolkit when we've finished so the archivists will have access to the completed finding aid for future work.
Amanda also presented a poster session at the Alabama Library Association Annual Convention in Huntsville, Alabama on April 15th. The session was entitled: "Leading the Way Toward Low-Cost Digital Collections: The S.D. Cabaniss Digitization Project" (see Cabaniss_Publicity). This helps us to meet our grant performance objectives, which include: "Publicize the project and its methods through press releases, announcements on appropriate listservs, an article in at least two peer-reviewed publications and presentation of the project during at least two professional conferences." Since this model is intended to help institutions with low funding to digitize their archival content, we considered it extremely important to share this at a state level conference, since few of the less-well-funded institutions are able to send representatives to national conferences. Good work, Amanda!
- Total files digitized by the end of April, 2010: 20,301
- Total files online by the end of April, 2010: 18,079
Spreadsheets with digitization progress, updated monthly:
Numbers digitized each month and number online, with running totals: File:TrackByMonth.xls
Dates each box is put online and in the archive: File:Tracking.xls